Faculty & Staff

Frederick S. Scharf, Professor

Ph.D., Wildlife and Fisheries Conservation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 2001
M.S., Wildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, 1997
B.S., Biology/Marine Science, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, 1994
Friday Hall 1059 | (910) 962-7796 | 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28403-5915
scharff@uncw.edu | http://people.uncw.edu/scharff

My primary research interests are in the role that ecological processes play in structuring aquatic communities and their implications for the population dynamics of marine and estuarine fishes. I am interested in identifying factors that affect survival of early juveniles and extending knowledge of individual processes to understand interactions among size-structured populations. The population dynamics of the juvenile stages of many fishes are poorly understood and recent evidence has indicated that processes occurring during the first year of life post-metamorphosis can result in a significant bottleneck between larval stages of fishes and recruitment to the adult population. Recently, my research has centered on piscivore-prey interactions and the implications of habitat structure and behavior on size-dependent growth and survival of recreationally and commercially important species. I am also interested in how environmental conditions affect physiological processes and the relative importance of abiotic versus biotic factors in determining survival and distribution of fishes.

Smith, W.E. and F.S. Scharf. 2010. Demographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested by an estuarine gill net fishery. Fisheries Management and Ecology 17:532-543.

Smith, W.E., F.S. Scharf, and J.E. Hightower. 2009. Fishing mortality in North Carolina’s southern flounder fishery: Direct estimates of F from a tag-return experiment. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 1:283-299.

Scharf, F.S., J.A. Buckel, and F. Juanes. 2009. Contrasting patterns of resource utilization between juvenile estuarine piscivores: the influence of relative prey size and foraging ability on the ontogeny of piscivory. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66:790-801.

Bacheler, N.M., L.M. Paramore, J.A. Buckel, and F.S. Scharf. 2008. Recruitment of juvenile red drum in North Carolina: spatiotemporal patterns of year-class strength and validation of a seine survey. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:1086-1098.

Stewart, C.B. and F.S. Scharf. 2008. Estuarine recruitment, growth, and first year survival of age-0 juvenile red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) in North Carolina. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:1089-1103.

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