Aquaculture Program

Wade O. Watanabe, Ph.D.

Dr. Wade Watanabe

Research Professor, Director of Finfish Aquaculture,
Center for Marine Science
Phone: 910-962-2941
Email: watanabew@uncw.edu
Academic Support Center 101

Education

  • Ph.D in Zoology, 1982, University of Hawaii.
  • M.S. in Zoology, 1975, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.
  • B.S. in Zoology, 1973, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Background and Current Research

Dr. Wade O. Watanabe is currently a Research Professor with the Center for Marine Science at UNCW where he is Director of the Finfish Aquaculture Program. Dr. Watanabe's background is in the area of general finfish aquaculture. He has published extensively in the areas of controlled breeding, larval culture, and juvenile growout of various freshwater and marine finfish species. He has conducted research in Asia, the Pacific, the Caribbean as well as in the US and with a variety of species including freshwater prawns, carp, tilapias, grey mullet, milkfish, Nassau grouper, red drum, summer and southern flounder, mutton snapper, black sea bass and red porgy.

At UNCW, Dr. Watanabe's current research focuses on marine finfish aquaculture research and commercial development, including experimental breeding, larval culture and live feeds production, intensive growout of new species, and waste management and nutrient recycling through integrated finfish-microalgae-shellfish polyculture. He is currently conducting research on commercial-scale marine fish hatchery operation, development of sustainable diets for finfish mariculture, economics and marketing of aquaculture production, and transfer of technology to commercial users through pilot-scale demonstration. Dr. Watanabe served as a Director and Publications Chair for the US Aquaculture Society and on the Science Advisory Board for Seafood Watch (Monterey Bay Aquarium). He currently serves as Associate Editor for the Journal of the World Aquaculture Society and The Scientific World Journal.

Professional Experience

  • 1999-present: Research Professor, Aquaculture Program Coordinator, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Center for Marine Science
  • 2004-present: Program Leader for Mariculture, Marine Biotechnology in North Carolina (MARBIONC)
  • 1997-1999: Associate Research Scientist, University of North Carolina Wilmington
  • 1996: Chief Scientist, Sea Change Foundation, Vero Beach, Florida
  • 1986-1995: Chief Scientist, Caribbean Marine Research Center, Vero Beach, Florida and Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas.
  • 1982-1985: Marine Biologist, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), Manila, Philippines
  • 1976-1981: Research Assistant, Oceanic Institute, Hawaii
  • 1975: Graduate Research Assistant, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology

Fellowships:

  • 1982-1985: Rockefeller Foundation Post-doctoral Research Fellow, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.
  • 1977-1981: Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation Pre-doctoral Fellow, Oceanic Institute, Hawaii.

Teaching:

  • 1983-1984: Visiting Lecturer, National Sun Yat Sen University and National Taiwan University, Taiwan
  • 1991-1996: Graduate Faculty (Adjunct), Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.
  • 1997-Present: Lecturer, Department of Biological Sciences, UNCW (BIO 486/591; Advanced Topics: Finfish Mariculture). Graduate Faculty, Department of Biology and Marine Biology and Marine Sciences.

Selected Publications (1995-present):

Watanabe, W.O. 1995. Aquaculture of the Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) and other jacks (family Carangidae) in the western Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Basin: status and potential. In: K.L. Main and C. Rosenfeld, editors, Culture of High-Value Marine Fishes in Asia and the United States. Proceedings of the Fifth International Asian Interchange Workshop. The Oceanic Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Watanabe, W.O., S.C. Ellis, E.P. Ellis, W.D. Head, C.D. Kelley, A. Moriwake, C.-S. Lee and P.K. Bienfang. 1995. Progress in controlled breeding of Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) broodstock by hormone induction. Aquaculture 138: 205-219.

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis, V.G. Lopez, J. Ginoza and A. Moriwake. 1996. Evaluation of first-feeding regimes for larval Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) and preliminary pilot-scale culture through metamorphosis. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 27: 323-331.

Watanabe, W.O., M.W. Feeley, S.C. Ellis, E.P. Ellis and R.A. Cooper. 1998. Light intensity and salinity effects on eggs and yolksac larvae of the summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus. Progressive Fish-Culturist 60: 9-19 (American Fisheries Society Best Paper Award for 1999 in N.A. Journal of Aquaculture).

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis, J. Chavez, C. Mandfredi, R.W. Hagood, M. Sparsis and S. Arneson. 1998. Artificial propagation of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis a new candidate marine fish species for aquaculture. Journal World Aquaculture Society 29: 176-187.

Watanabe, W.O., E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis and M.W. 1998. Progress in controlled maturation and spawning of summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus broodstock. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 29: 393-404.

Watanabe, W.O., S. C. Ellis, E. P. Ellis and M.W. Feeley. 1999. Temperature effects on eggs and yolksac larvae of the summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus at different salinities. North American Journal of Aquaculture 61: 267-277. (Nominee American Fisheries Society Best Paper Award for 1999 in N.A. Journal of Aquaculture).

Watanabe, W.O., P. M. Carroll and H.V. Daniels. 2001. Sustained, natural spawning of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) broodstock under an extended photothermal regime. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 32: 153-166.

Watanabe, W.O. 2001. Species profile: Mutton snapper. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Texas A & M University. SRAC Pub. No. 725. 10 pp.

Watanabe, W.O., S.C. Ellis and J. Chaves. 2001. Effects of dietary lipid and energy to protein ratio on growth and feed utilization of juvenile mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis) fed isonitrogenous diets at two temperatures. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 32: 30-40.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll. 2002. Growth and feed utilization of captive wild-caught black sea bass Centropristis striata fed practical diets in a recirculating tank system under a semi-controlled temperature regime. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 33: 97-109.

Watanabe, W.O., T. M. Losordo, K. Fitzsimmons and F. Hanley. 2002. Tilapia production systems in the Americas: technological advances, trends and challenges. Reviews in Fisheries Science 10: 465-498.

Watanabe, W.O., T.I.J. Smith, D.L. Berlinsky, C.A. Woolridge, K.R. Stuart, K.A. Copeland and M.R. Denson. 2003. Volitional spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata induced with pelleted luteinizing hormone releasing hormone-analogue. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 319-331.

Henne, J.P. and W.O. Watanabe. 2003. Effects of light intensity and salinity on growth, survival and osmoregulatory ability of southern flounder larvae Paralichthys lethostigma. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 450-465.

Daniels, H.V. and W.O. Watanabe. 2003. A practical hatchery manual: Production of southern flounder fingerlings. North Carolina Sea Grant. 40 pp.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll, K.S. Wheatley, and T.M. Losordo. 2003. Growth and feed utilization of captive wild black sea bass Centropristis striata at four different densities in a recirculating tank system. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 34: 300-307.

Moustakas, C. Th., W.O. Watanabe and K.A. Copeland. 2004. Combined effects of photoperiod and salinity on growth, survival, and osmoregulatory ability of southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma. Aquaculture 229: 159-179.

Watanabe, W.O., D.D. Benetti, M.W. Feeley, D. A. Davis and R.P. Phelps. 2005. Status of artificial propagation of mutton, yellowtail and red snapper (family Lutjanidae) in the southeastern U.S. In: A.M. Kelly, editor. Aquaculture in the 21st Century. American Fisheries Society. American Fisheries Society Symposium. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, Maryland. Symposium 46: 517-540.

Carroll, P.M., W.O. Watanabe and T.M. Losordo. 2005. Pilot production of hatchery-reared summer flounder in a marine recirculating aquaculture system: the effects of ration level on growth, feed conversion, and survival. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 36: 120-128.

Watanabe, W.O., K. Fitzsimmons and Yang Yi. 2005. Farming of tilapia in saline waters. Chapter 10 In C. Webster and C. Lim, eds. Tilapia: Biology, Culture and Nutrition. The Haworth Press, Inc., Binghamton, NY.

Copeland, K.A., W.O. Watanabe and C. Dumas. 2005. Economic evaluation of a small-scale recirculating system for ongrowing of captive wild black sea bass Centropristis striata in North Carolina. Journal World Aquaculture Society 36: 489-497.

Watanabe, W.O. and G. Miller. 2006. Nassau Grouper. Book Chapter in Aquaculture Compendium 2006 Edition. CAB International. Available on CD-ROM and the Internet. www/cabicompendium.org/ac

Watanabe, W.O., Woolridge, C.A. and H.V. Daniels. 2006. Progress toward year-round spawning of southern flounder broodstock by manipulation of temperature and photoperiod. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 37: 256-272.

Copeland, K.A., Watanabe, W.O. and Yates, J.K. 2006. Light intensity effects on early life stages of black sea bass, Centropristis striata. Aquaculture Research 37: 1458-1463.

Morgan, A.J., R. Murashige, C.A. Woolridge, J.A. Luckenbach, W.O. Watanabe, R.J. Borski, and H.V. Daniels. 2006. Effective UV dose and pressure shock for induction of meiotic gynogenesis in southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) using black sea bass (Centropristis striata) sperm. Aquaculture 259: 290-299.

Alam, M.S. and W.O. Watanabe. 2006. Southern Flounder. Aqua Feeds: Formulation and Beyond. Published by Fedware, Florida, 2(4): 17-19.

Mangino, A. and W.O. Watanabe. 2007. Combined effects of turbulence and salinity on growth, survival and whole-body osmolality of larval southern flounder. Journal World Aquaculture Society 37: 407-418.

Alam, M.S., C.O. Bentley, T.C. Rezek, J.K. Carrier, P.M. Carroll and W.O. Watanabe. 2007. University of North Carolina conducts varied research on black sea bass. Global Aquaculture Advocate (feed and nutrition), Sept-Oct 2007, 10(5): 86-88.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll. 2008. Optimum dietary protein level for maximum growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 39(5): 656-663.

Bentley, C.D., P.M. Carroll, A.M. Riedel and W.O. Watanabe. 2008. Intensive rotifer production in a pilot-scale continuous culture recirculating system using condensed microalgae. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 39: 625-635.

Morris, J.A Jr., T.C. Rezek, N.A. McNeill and W.O. Watanabe. 2008. Aquaculture of the Atlantic Red Porgy. North American Journal of Aquaculture 70: 184-191.

Alam, M.S., Watanabe, W.O., and H.V. Daniels. 2009. Effect of different dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) reared in recirculating aquaculture system. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 40(4): 513-521.

Alam, M. S., W. O. Watanabe, and T. Rezek. 2009. Effects of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of black sea bass Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) during grow-out in a pilot-scale marine recirculating system. Aquaculture Research 40(4): 442-449.

Bentley, C.D., W.O. Watanabe, T.C. Rezek, and P.J. Seaton. 2009. Preliminary investigations on the effects of dietary lipid on the spawning performance and egg quality of black sea bass Centropristis striata L. Aquaculture Research 40(16): 1873-1883.

Rezek, T.C., W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel and P.J. Seaton. 2010. The effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) and arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) on the growth, survival, stress resistance and fatty acid composition in black sea bass Centropristis striata (Linnaeus 1758) larvae. Aquaculture Research 41: 1302-1314.

Daniels, H.V., W.O. Watanabe, R. Murashige, T. Losordo and C. Dumas. 2010. Chapter 5. Culture of southern flounder, pp. 82-100, In Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement, H.V. Daniels and W.O. Watanabe, editors. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Watanabe, W.O. and H.V. Daniels. 2010. Chapter 18, Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement: Summary and conclusions, pp. 323-354: In Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement, H.V. Daniels and W.O. Watanabe, editors. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Burpee, J.L., Bardsley, E.L., Dillaman, R.M., Watanabe, W.O. and Kinsey, S.T. 2010. Scaling with body mass of mitochondrial respiration from the white muscle of three phylogenetically, morphologically and behaviorally disparate teleost fishes. Journal of Comparative Physiology B180: 967-977.

Daniels, H.V. and W.O. Watanabe (Editors). 2010. Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, Ames, Iowa. 366 pp.

Watanabe, W.O. 2011. Species profile: Black Sea Bass. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Texas A & M University. SRAC Publication No. 7207. October 2011.

Carrier, J.K. III, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel, T. F. Rezek, P. J. Seaton and T.H. Shafer.  2011. Effects of dietary arachidonic acid on larval performance, fatty acid profiles, stress resistance, and expression of Na+/K+ ATPase mRNA in black sea bass Centropristis striata. Aquaculture 319: 111-121.

Ostrowski, A. D., W. O. Watanabe, F. P. Montgomery, T. C. Rezek, T. H. Shafer, J. A. Morris Jr. 2011.  Effects of salinity and temperature on the growth, survival, whole body osmolality, and expression of Na+/K+ ATPase mRNA in red porgy (Pagrus pagrus) larvae. Aquaculture 314: 193-201.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers, T.C. Rezek, P.M. Carroll and S. Longfellow. 2011. Effects of replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent-extracted soybean meal protein supplemented with or without l-methionine and l-lysine in the diet of juvenile southern flounder. North American Journal of Aquaculture 73(3): 350-359.

Priester, C., Braude, J. P., Morton, L. C., Kinsey, S. T., Watanabe, W. O. and Dillaman, R. M. 2012. Ring bands in fish skeletal muscle: Reorienting the myofibrils and microtubule cytoskeleton within a single cell. Journal of Morphology, 273: 1246–1256. doi: 10.1002/jmor.20055

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, K.B. Sullivan, T.C. Rezek, and P.J. Seaton. 2012.  Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent extracted soybean meal protein in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata supplemented with or without squid meal, krill meal, methionine and lysine. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 74(2): 251-265.

Alam M. S., Watanabe W. O., Myers A. R., Rezek T.C., Carroll P. M. 2014. Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent extracted soybean meal and soy protein concentrate supplemented with L-methionine and L-lysine in the diet of juvenile red porgy Pagrus Pagrus. Austin Journal of Aquaculture and Marine Biology, 1(1): 10. 

W.O. Watanabe, T. C. Rezek, M. Harel and P.J. Seaton. 2014. The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) on growth, survival and hypersaline stress resistance in larval southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma (Jordan and Gilbert 1884). Chapter 1 (p. 1-27):  In “Arachidonic Acid: Sources, Biosynthesis and Health Effects”, J.M. O’Keefe, Editor. Nova Science Publishers Inc.  ISBN: 978-1-63117-619-7.

Alam, M.S., Watanabe, W.O., Rezek, T.C., Myers, A.R., Carroll, P.M., Daniels, H.V.  2015. Growth performance and survival of larval southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma fed commercial microdiets or formulated zein bound microdiets containing different protein sources, Aquaculture Research, 46(8): 1924-1936.

Wilson, W.N., B.L. Baumgarner, W.O. Watanabe, M.S. Alam and S.T. Kinsey. 2015. Effects of resveratrol on growth and skeletal muscle physiology of juvenile southern flounder. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A 183: 27-35.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers, T.C. Rezek, P.M. Carroll, S.A. Skrabal. 2015. Effects of dietary salt supplementation on growth, body composition, tissue electrolytes, and gill and intestinal Na+/K+ ATPase activities of black sea bass reared at low salinity.  Aquaculture 446: 250-258.

Watanabe, W.O., Dumas, C.F., Carroll, P.M. and Resimius, C.M. 2015.  Production economic analysis of black sea bass juveniles to support finfish mariculture growout industry development in the Southeastern U.S. Aquaculture Economics and Management 19(2): 226-250.

Anderson, A.D., Alam, M.S., Watanabe, W.O., Carroll, P.M., Wedegaertner, T.C. and Dowd, M.K. 2016. Full replacement of menhaden Fish meal protein by low-gossypol cottonseed flour protein in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata. Aquaculture 464: 618-628.

Alam, M.S., W.O. Watanabe, M. Dawson and P. Carroll. 2015. Pilot, commercial-scale testing of promising diets for intensive cultivation of black sea bass and southern flounder. World Aquaculture, Dec 2015: 34-40.

Watanabe, W.O., M.S. Alam, A.D. Ostrowski, F.A. Montgomery, J.E. Gabel, J.A. Morris Jr., and P.J. Seaton. 2016. Live prey enrichment and artificial microdiets for larviculture of Atlantic red porgy Pagrus pagrus. Aquaculture Reports 3: 93-107.

Russo, D.J., Watanabe, W.O., Kinsey, S.T. and Seaton, P.J. 2017. Effects of feeding frequency of live prey on larval growth, survival, resistance to hyposalinity stress, Na+/K+ ATPase activity, and fatty acid profiles in black sea bass Centropristis striata. Aquaculture 470: 56-67.

Selected Meetings Attended and Papers Presented with UNCW MMS Graduate Students as Co-Author:

Paper entitled "Further investigations on induced volitional spawning of black sea bass with pelleted LHRH-a" by A. White, W.O. Watanabe, and T.I.J. Smith, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii. (U.S. Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to A. White)

Poster entitled "Preliminary investigations on the effects of dietary lipid level on spawning performance and egg quality in black sea bass” by C.D. Bentley, T.C. Rezek and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, NV. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Poster award to C.D. Bentley)

Paper entitled “Optimum dietary protein level for maximum growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented at the Joint International Conference and Exhibition of European Aquaculture Society and World Aquaculture Society, May 9-13, 2006, Florence, Italy.

Paper entitled “Evaluation of practical microdiet for replacement of live artemia for culture of larval black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and K.A. Copeland, presented at Aquaculture America 2006, Feb. 13-16, Las Vegas, NV.

Presentation entitled “Nutritional studies related to hatchery technology development for black sea bass (Centropristis striata)” by C.A. Woolridge, W.O. Watanabe, M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll, C.D. Bentley, and T.C. Rezek, presented at the Sixth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, July 21-23, 2006, Roanoke, VA.

Paper entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal by soybean meal for the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata culture” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and K.B. Sullivan, presented at the Organic Aquaculture Symposium, organized by NOSB, USDA, Nov 27, 2007, Washington DC, USA.

Paper entitled “Growth performance and survival of larval southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) fed commercial microdiets or formulated zein bound microdiets containing different protein sources” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented at World Aquaculture 2007, Feb 26-Mar 2, 2007, San Antonio, TX. 

Paper entitled “Effects of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of black sea bass Centropristis striata during grow out in a pilot scale recirculating system” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll, and T. Rezek, presented at World Aquaculture 2007, Feb 26-Mar 2, 2007, San Antonio, TX. 

Paper entitled "The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6) on growth, survival, stress resistance and Na,K,ATPase expression in larval black sea bass (Centropristis striata)” by J.K. Carrier, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel, T. C. Rezek, T.H. Shafer, P. J. Seaton, and R.D. Roer, presented at World Aquaculture 2007, Feb. 2007, San Antonio, TX. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract award to J.K. Carrier)

Presentation entitled “Effect of different dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) reared in recirculating aquaculture system” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and H.V. Daniels, presented at the 31st Fish Feed and Nutrition Workshop, May 16-18, 2007. Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Auburn University, Auburn, AL.

Presentation entitled “Marine finfish aquaculture in North Carolina: Overview of research and technology transfer initiatives” by W.O. Watanabe, H.V. Daniels, C.A. Woolridge, A.J. Morgan, A.L. Luckenbach, P.M. Carroll, R. Murashige, M.S. Alam, T.C. Rezek, T.M. Losordo, C.D. Bentley, and J.A. Morris Jr., at the Third International Sustainable Marine Fish Culture Conference, Oct 15- 16, 2007, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Ft. Pierce, FL.

Paper entitled “Effects of partial replacement of menhaden fish meal by soybean meal on growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata and southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and K.B. Sullivan, presented at Aquaculture America 08, Feb. 9-12, 2008, Orlando, FL.

Paper entitled “Replacement of fish meal by soybean meal, poultry-by product meal, and meat and bone meal in diets for juvenile black sea bass, Centropristis striata” by K.B. Sullivan, M.S. Alam and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 08, Feb. 9-12, 2008, Orlando, FL.

Paper entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture in North Carolina: Current Research and Commercial Pilot Initiatives”, by W.O. Watanabe, H.V. Daniels, M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll, T.C. Rezek, C.D. Bentley, T.L. Losordo and C.F Dumas, presented to the Eighth Joint Meeting of the Seafood Science and Technology Society and Atlantic Fisheries Technology Conference in conjunction with the 1st NC Marine Biotechnology Symposium 2008, October 2008, Wrightsville Beach, NC.

Paper entitled “Progress and constraints toward commercialization of black sea bass aquaculture in the US: hatchery, nursery, growout, and marketing” by W. O. Watanabe, M. S. Alam, C. F. Dumas, R. F. Lee, T. M. Losordo, D. DeLong, D. Berlinsky, G. Nardi, C. D. Bentley, T. F. Rezek, K. Sullivan, J. Wilde and A. Myers, presented at Aqua America 09, February 2009, Seattle, WA.

Paper entitled “Partial and full replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without amino acids and attractants in the diets of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, K.B. Sullivan and W.D. Wright-Moore, presented at Aqua America 09, February 2009, Seattle, WA.

Paper entitled “Effects of two dietary lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of pre-adult hatchery reared and wild-caught black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, A.R. Myers, W.O. Watanabe, D. Berlinsky, A.B. Walker, K.B. Sullivan and W.D. Wright-Moore, presented at Aqua America 09, February, 2009, Seattle, WA.

Paper entitled “Recirculating aquaculture system for pilot commercial production of marine finfish in North Carolina: private-public partnership for research, education and technology transfer” by P.M. Carroll, W.O. Watanabe, T.M. Losordo, D.P. DeLong, J.P. McCann, G. Hargett and S. Longfellow, presented at Aqua America 09, February 2009, Seattle, WA.

Paper entitled “Hormone dose affects egg and larval quality during induced spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata with pelleted LHRHa” by C.D. Bentley, T.C. Rezek, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 09, February 2009, Seattle, WA.

Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture in North Carolina: Research, Education and Technology Transfer”, by W.O. Watanabe, to the UNCW Board of Visitors, May 15, 2009, UNCW Center for Marine Science.

Presentation entitled "Progress on the Culture of Red Porgy in North Carolina" by T. C. Rezek, W. O. Watanabe, J. A. Morris Jr., N. A. McNeill and A. D. Ostrowski, presented at the NC Aquaculture Development Conference, January 2009, Morehead City, NC.

Paper entitled "Analysis of niche market demand for farm-raised black sea bass Centropristis striata in three major metropolitan U.S. cities: Atlanta, Philadelphia and New York City" by J. D. Wilde, C. F. Dumas and W. O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, Feb. 15-18, 2009, Seattle, WA.

Presentation entitled Salinity and temperature effects on growth, survival, whole-body osmolality, and MRNA expression of Na+, K+, ATPase on larval red porgy Pagrus pagrus" by Ostrowski, A. D., F. A. Montgomery, T.C. Rezek, T.H. Shafer, J. A. Morris Jr. and W.O. Watanabe at the AFS Tidewater Chapter Conference, March 2009, Wilmington, NC and World Aquaculture Society Conference, Feb. 15-18, 2009, Seattle, WA.  (American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section Travel Award)

Presentation entitled "Laboratory culture of the diatom Chaetoceros gracilis using effluent from an intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system for black sea bass Centropristis striata" by D.M. Allen and W.O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, Feb. 15-18, 2009, Seattle, WA. (United States Aquaculture Society Student Travel Award to D. Allen)

Presentation entitled "Effects of replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without pre-coated L-methionine and L-lysine on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by M.S. Alam, W. O. Watanabe, and S. Longfellow, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, Mar. 1-5, 2010, San Diego, CA.

Presentation entitled "Effects of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M.R. Dawson, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at World Aquaculture Society Conference, Mar. 1-5, 2010, San Diego, CA. (US Aquaculture Society’s Outstanding Student Abstract Award and the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section Student Travel Award to M. Dawson)

Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives and Regulations”, presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2011, Sheraton Atlantic Beach, NC.

Presentation entitled “Induced spawning of wild-caught southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma with GnRH analogs: effects of hormone dose” by Walker D. Wright-Moore, Wade O. Watanabe and Troy C. Rezek at Aquaculture 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.  (American Fisheries Society's Fish Culture Section Travel Award and Best Student Abstract to W. Wright-Moore)

Presentation entitled “Evaluation of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile southern flounder Paralicthys lethostigma” by M.R. Dawson, M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, C. Resimius, and T. Rezek at Aquaculture America 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.  (American Fisheries Society's Fish Culture Section Travel Award and Best Student Abstract to M. Dawson)

Presentation entitled “Replacement of fish meal protein by a combination of alternative protein sources in practical diets for juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.R. Dawson, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe at Aquaculture 2011, Feb. 28-Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA. 

Presentation entitled “Replacement of fish meal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without fermented poultry byproducts, squid meal, krill meal and amino acids in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, H.V. Daniels, P.R. Ferket, A. Gill, T.C. Rezek, A. Myers and M.R. Dawson at Aquaculture America 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.

Presentation entitled “Induced spawning of F1 and wild-caught southern flounder with GnRH analogs: effects of hormone type (mammalian vs piscine) and dose on egg production and quality” by W.D. Wright-Moore, W.O. Watanabe and T.C. Rezek at Aquaculture America 2012, Feb. 29-Mar. 12, Paris Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, NV.

Presentation entitled “Effects of feeding frequency on larval growth, survival, fatty acid profiles and resistance to hyposaline stress in black sea bass Centropristis striata” by D.J. Russo, W.O. Watanabe, T.C. Rezek, and A.R. Meyers at Aquaculture America 2012, Feb. 29-Mar. 12, Paris Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, NV. (American Fisheries Society Best Student Abstract Award to D. Russo)

Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives, and Sustainability Trends” by W.O. Watanabe at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2013, Hilton New Bern, NC

Presentation entitled “Establishing a pilot hatchery for production of juveniles to support finfish mariculture growout industry development in North Carolina” by W.O. Watanabe, C.F. Dumas, and P.M. Carroll at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN. USA.

Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent extracted soybean meal and soy protein concentrate supplemented with l-methionine and l-lysine in the diet of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers, T.C. Rezek and P.M. Carroll at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA.

Presentation entitled “Evaluation of chemical polymers applied as coagulation aids for removal of suspended solids from intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system effluent discharge” by T.F. Gibson, W.O. Watanabe, T.M. Losordo, and M.A. Mallin at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA. (Aquaculture Engineering Society Best Student Abstract Award to T. Gibson)

Presentation entitled Effects of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus” by J.C. Hill, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract Award to J. Hill)

Presentation entitled “Dietary magnesium supplementation in southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma reared in a low-salinity recirculating aquaculture system” by C.M. Kelly, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Runner-Up Best Student Poster Award to C. Kelly)

Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by genetically improved and solvent-extracted low gossypol cottonseed flour in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.D. Anderson, T.C. Wedegaertner and M. Dowd at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA.

Presentation entitled “Effects of mixed alternative protein sources and meat and bone meal protein substitution for menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus” by J.C. Hill, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Poster Award to J. Hill)

Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives,” presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2014, Hilton New Bern, NC.

Presentation entitled “Effects of dietary salt supplementation on growth, survival, body composition, tissue electrolytes and gill and intestine Na+K+ATPase activity of black sea bass reared at low-salinity” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers and P.M. Carroll, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Presentation entitled “Effects of mixed alternative protein sources in substitution of menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus” by James C. Hill, M.S. Alam and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA. (Tyson Foods Award of $1,775 for the Best Student Abstract to J. Hill)

Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein and fish oil by genetically improved low gossypol cottonseed flour and cottonseed oil in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata,” presented by A. Anderson, M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, P.M., Carroll, T.C. Wedegaertner and M.K. Dowd, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives,” presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 27-28, 2015, Hilton New Bern, NC.

Presentation entitled “Evaluation of chemical polymers applied as coagulation aids for removal of suspended solids from intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system discharge” by W. Watanabe, T. Gibson, R. Whitehead, T. Losordo, P. Carroll, and M. Mallin, presented at Aquaculture 2015, Jeju, South Korea.

Presentation entitled “Evaluation of glandless, solvent-extracted and genetically modified low-gossypol cottonseed flour as alternative protein sources in the diet of black sea bass Centropristis striata and southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.D. Anderson, P.M. Carroll, P.J. Seaton, T.C. Wedegaertner and M.K. Dowd, at the International Symposium on Fish Nutrition and Feeding, June 5-10, 2016, Sun Valley, Idaho.