Promoting Cross-Cultural Competence in Intelligence Professionals (external link) by Robert R. Greene Sands and Thomas J. Haines

  • Robert R. Greene Sands is currently a consultant supporting the development of a Language and Culture program for Defense Intelligence Agency.  From 2008 to 2011, Sands was Culture Chair then Chair of the Cross-Cultural Competence Department and Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Air Force Culture and Language Center (AFCLC) and Air University at Maxwell AFB.
  • Tom Haines is the Senior Language Authority for the Defense Intelligence Agency; he leads and directs the Agency’s language, regional expertise and culture programs.  Mr. Haines is a former Foreign Area  Officer  (Russia/Eurasia) having served in Bosnia-Herzegovina as liaison officer to the Russian Brigade during Implementation Force (IFOR), the Joint Commission Support Directorate –Moscow, and the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies.

"Left of Bang" The Value of Sociocultural Analysis in Today's Environment (external link) by Michael T. Flynn, James Sisco, and David C. Ellis

  • Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn, USA, is Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and Commander of the Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance.
  • Lieutenant Commander James Sisco, USN, is an Intelligence Officer currently serving in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
  • Dr. David C. Ellis joined U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) in 2009 as a Human Terrain Analyst and is the lead for USSOCOM’s Socio-Cultural Awareness Section

Wanted: Ph.D.s Who Can Win a Bar Fight; How to reform the Pentagon for "light footprint" interventions  (external link) by Fernando M. Luján

  • Major Fernando M. Luján is a visiting Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow at the Center for a New American Security. He is an Army Special Forces officer and foreign area specialist currently participating in the Pentagon's Afghanistan-Pakistan Hands program. This article is adapted from his new report, Light Footprints: The Future of American Military Intervention.

Team for Interdisciplinary Global Research

The Team for Interdisciplinary Global Research (TIGR) promotes contemporary interdisciplinary work in the humanities and social sciences. Based on a grant from the Defense Intelligence Agency’s (DIA) Center for Language, Regional Expertise and Culture (CLREC), TIGR organizes a variety of Geostrategic Intelligence Seminars (GIS) and Regional Seminars (RS) for professionals in the intelligence community.

The GIS/RS program will also serve as the spine for original research on global events produced by UNCW faculty, and other professionals in the field.  TIGR thus promotes teaching, research, service, and community engagement in a regional and cross-regional framework.


TIGR is dedicated to the diffusion of interdisciplinary research on the cultural, political, historical, economic, religious, and linguistic aspects that inform a constantly evolving and increasingly globalized world. Our core team is comprised of faculty who teach and conduct research in the disciplines of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies, History, International Studies, and Political Science. In addition to TIGR´s expertise in individual disciplines, our members have held leadership positions in both undergraduate- and graduate-degree programs such as Graduate Liberal Studies, Graduate Conflict Management and Resolution, Middle East and Islamic Studies, European Studies, and International Studies, as well as relevant non-academic experiences with NGOs and the military, including special operations work. Moreover, both UNCW and TIGR members enjoy considerable professional networks—UNCW as a member of the 17-campus UNC system, and TIGR through a number of organizations

Simply stated, the lesson of the last decade is that failing to understand the human dimension of conflict is too costly in lives, resources, and political will for the Nation to bear. ... Sociocultural analysis is now an indispensable component of intelligence.

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