M.S. in Marine Science

Course Descriptions

Graduate Courses in Biological Sciences

BIO 501. Methods in Scientific Research (2) Scientific manuscript preparation and communication techniques: manuscript format, graphics, design of experiments, library use, oral presentation, and writing techniques. Two lecture hours each week.
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BIO 524. (425) Microbiology (4) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Study of nonpathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms with emphasis on the biology of viruses and bacteria. Laboratory sessions include the techniques required to identify, culture, and stain selected microorganisms. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 529. (430) (ANT 430) Evolutionary Biology (3) Prerequisite: Course in genetics. Advanced survey of organizational principles of the genetic apparatus of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Emphasis is on critical evaluation of current concepts and models of evolutionary dynamics using relevant illustrative examples from the literature. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIO 534. Advanced Ecology (4) Prerequisite: Course in general ecology. Advanced topics in population dynamics, community ecology, and ecosystem energetics. Emphasizes current issues in these fields and analytical methodology to address ecological questions. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 537. (457) Ichthyology (1) Prerequisite: Course in general zoology. A survey of systematics, evolution, ecology, and natural history of living fishes with emphasis on southeastern USA. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIOL 537 (BIOL 457) Ichthyology Laboratory (3) Prerequisite or corequisite: BIO 537. A survey of the anatomy, systematic techniques, and local fishes through field trips and study of class collections. Three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 539. Advanced Topics in Population Biology (2�4) Prerequisite: Courses in genetics and ecology or permission of instructor. Study of the ecology, genetics, and evolution of populations. Topics include dynamics of population structure, growth, and regulation; natural selection and the maintenance of genetic variation within populations; differentiation of populations and speciation; evolution of population strategies. Lecture hours each week. May be taken more than once for credit under different instructors.
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BIO 540. (465) Biochemistry (3) Chemical properties and metabolism of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; enzymes kinetics; bioenergetics; regulatory mechanisms. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIOL 540. (465) Biochemistry Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 540. Experiments demonstrating basic phenomena and techniques of biochemistry. Three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 549. Advanced Topics in Animal Physiology (2-4) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Study of topics in animal physiology for which significant new understanding has been obtained. Consideration is given to those emergent techniques that have permitted the application of scientific methodology to particular physiological problems. Lecture and laboratory hours.
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BIO 552. (455) Field Methods in Marine Mammalogy (3) Prerequisite: Animal Biology and consent of instructor. Research experience in field and laboratory techniques pertaining to marine mammal ecology, behavior, and communication. Two lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 553. Natural History of Intertidal Organisms (3) Prerequisite: Course in invertebrate zoology or permission of instructor. Study of characteristics of invertebrates inhabiting the intertidal zone. Topics include physical and biological features defining zonation, recruitment, competition, and other factors regulating intertidal populations. Two lecture hours and field work each week.
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BIO 555. Animal Communication (3) Prerequisite: Course in general zoology or animal behavior. An introduction to the topic of animal communication, with a focus on acoustic communication in vertebrates. A comparative approach will be used, addressing mechanistic, ontogenetic, functional, and phylogenetic perspectives. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIO 558. Biology of Recreational and Commercial Fishes (3) Prerequisite: Course in ichthyology and permission of the instructor. A study of the major groups of fishes and invertebrates utilized in fisheries, with emphasis on the biology, economic importance, and management of selected groups. Topics focus on contemporary management strategies and needs. Two lecture and three laboratory periods each week.
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BIO 560. Estuarine Biology (4)
Prerequisite: Course in general ecology or permission of instructor. An examination of the unique physical, chemical, and biological interactions within estuaries, emphasizing nutrient cycles and energy flows. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 561. Barrier Island Ecology (3) Prerequisite: Course in general ecology or permission of instructor. Survey of vegetation and physiography of barrier islands. Two lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 562. Wetlands of the United States and their Management (3) Prerequisite: Course in general ecology or permission of the instructor. Ecology and management of wetlands and adjacent communities. Examination of methods used to restore and create wetlands. Two lecture and four laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 563. Coral Reef Biology (4) Ecology and physiology of coral reef organisms, emphasizing processes that contribute to the diversity and complexity of coral reef ecosystems. Reef formation, coral biology and physiology, ecological, interactions, man�s effects, conservation and global change.
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BIO 564. Biological Oceanography (3) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Discussion of the recent oceanographic literature concerning nutrient cycling, distribution and regulation of oceanic productivity, and advances in methodologies used to study oceanic processes and controlling factors. Three lecture hours per week.
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BIOL 564. Biological Oceanography Laboratory (1) Corequisite: BIO 564. Laboratory and field investigations of oceanographic problems, including instruction in standard analytical techniques, experimental design, and analysis, with an emphasis on biological responses to physical and chemical factors. Three laboratory hours per week.
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BIO 565. (458) Fisheries Biology (4) Prerequisite: Courses in ichthyology and statistics, and permission of instructor. Advanced studies in the biology of fishes. Topics include age, growth, foods, parasites, population dynamics, reproduction, and economic pressure. A technical report on the biology of a fish species is required. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 566. Behavioral Ecology of Reef Fishes (3) Prerequisite: Course in ichthyology or permission of instructor. An ecological and ethological approach to the study of reef fishes, including theories and problems dealing with ecological niche, competition, social systems, and population biology. Two lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 567. (460) Limnology (3) Prerequisite: Introductory biology and chemistry. Corequisite: BIOL 567. An examination of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of freshwater systems, particularly lakes and ponds. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIOL 567. (460) Limnology Laboratory (1) Prerequisite: Introductory biology and chemistry. Corequisite: BIO 567. Field and laboratory investigations of limnological problems with an emphasis on water quality. Three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 568. River Ecology (3) Prerequisite: course in general ecology or permission of instructor. The biology, ecology, chemistry, and physical nature of streams, rivers, and watersheds. Biodiversity, endangered species, pollutants, the regulatory structure, and river politics will be discussed. Three combined lecture and lab hours per week, plus field trips to local rivers, streams and tidal creeks.
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BIO 570. (468) Planktonology (4) Prerequisite: Course in invertebrate zoology or consent of instructor. Classification, physiology, and ecology of phytoplankton and zooplankton. Discussion of current topics in plankton biology. Two lecture and four laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 572. (472) Marine Phycology (4) Prerequisite: Course in general botany. An introduction to the morphology, life histories, and ecology of benthic marine algae with emphasis on special topics such as morphogenesis, ecotypic variation and speciation, phytogeography, or seasonal periodicity of growth and reproduction. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 573. (447) Marine Botany (4) Prerequisite: Course in general botany. An introduction to the coastal marine plant communities, including how the marine environment affects plant community dynamics. Topic areas include: classification and identification, morphology, physiological ecology, importance to humans, and current hot topics. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 575. Taxonomy of Aquatic and Wetland Plants(3) Prerequisite: Course in plant taxonomy or permission of instructor. Discussion, collection, and identification of vascular plants found in the aquatic and wetland habitats of coastal North Carolina. Extensive field work and individualized instruction in collection and identification techniques. Two lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 578. Biology of Harmful Algae (3) Prerequisite: BIO 205, BIO 446, or consent of instructor. Identification (taxonomy), ecology, physiology and toxin production by both marine and freshwater microalgae. Toxin structure and mode of action, effects on humans and public health, environmental damage and possible mitigation/management strategies.
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BIO 582. (482) Wildlife Ecology (3) Principles of wildlife ecology and management, including population dynamics, techniques, behavior, habitat manipulations, policy and administration, and contemporary issues such as anti-hunting. Lecture hours and assigned field problems.
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BIO 586. Advanced Topics in Mariculture (3) Prerequisite: Bio 380. Designed to deal with advanced mariculture topics not considered in detail in the introductory course. More than one topic may be taken for credit.
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BIO 587. (487) Introduction to Coastal Management (4) Interdisciplinary study of human impacts on coastal environments and organisms. Topics include the physical and biotic setting of worldwide coastal regions, principles of coastal management, and analysis of potential solutions to coastal problems. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 588. (488) Forensic Environmental Science (3) Prerequisite: CHM 102 or equivalent and junior status. Presentation and practice of the techniques for applying scientific methods, investigative procedures, legal standards of evidence and case preparation techniques to investigation of environmental problems. Three lecture hours each week.
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BIO 590. (490) Biomechanics (4) Prerequisite: BIO 206. A study of the interactions of organisms with their physical environment. Concepts from fluid and solid mechanics are applied to biological form and function. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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BIO 599. Thesis (1-6)
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GRADUATE COURSES IN CHEMISTRY
Course Descriptions

CHM 501. Introduction to Chemical Research (2)Scientific proposal and manuscript preparation. Communication techniques. Experimental design and data analysis. Computer applications. Library use. Laboratory safety. Two hours each week.
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CHM 536. Advanced Analytical Chemistry (3) Prerequisite: Organic chemistry, quantitative analysis. Application of modern analytical methods to chemical problems. Emphasis upon chemical information, structural and quantitative, obtainable from these techniques. Topics may include modern spectroscopic, chromatographic, electrochemical, or bioanalytical techniques.
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CHM 567. (467) Biochemical Techniques and Instrumentation (2)Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 365 or equivalent. Theory and practice of advanced biochemical techniques. Topics may include buffer and reagent preparation, protein assay, protein purification, electrophoresis, enzyme kinetics, vesicle construction, DNA isolation, and molecular visualization and modeling. Four hours each week.
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CHM 568. Advanced Biochemistry (3) Prerequisite: CHM 365 or equivalent and CHM 321. Topics may include protein structure, stability, and visualization, enzyme kinetics and mechanisms including enzyme activators, inhibitors, and inactivators, ligand recognition and binding, and enzyme regulation.
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CHM 574. Aquatic Chemistry (3) Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. The chemistry of aqueous solutions, including use of activity coefficients, acid-base and buffer concepts, gas solubility, results of carbon dioxide dissolution, trace metal speciation, oxidation-reduction processes, photochemistry and mineral solubility. Concepts will be applied to laboratory solutions and natural waters.
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CHM 576. (PHY 576) Chemical and Physical Analysis of Seawater (3)Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Study of modern chemical and physical measurements of seawater including salinity, alkalinity, pH, nutrients, and dissolved oxygen. Several class periods may also be devoted to working aboard an oceanographic research vessel while at sea.
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CHM 578. (478) Aquatic Toxicology (3) Prerequisite: Organic Chemistry. Topics in aquatic toxicology, including toxicity testing; transport, transformation and ultimate distribution and fate of chemicals in the aquatic environment; and the performance of hazard risk assessments on aquatic ecosystems exposed to chemical insult.
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CHM 579/MSC 579. Role of the Oceans in Human Health (3) Prerequisite: CHM 212, BiO 110, or consent of instructor. Discovery, structure, and biological activity of marine bioactive compounds, chemotaxonomy, pharmaceutical leads, marine biotoxins, structure, mode of action, regulation and monitoring, the producing organisms, how (biosynthesis) and why these compounds are made. Two lectures per week.
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CHM 599. Thesis (3-6)Laboratory research for thesis and thesis preparation.
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GRADUATE COURSES IN EARTH SCIENCES
Course Descriptions

GGY 522. (GGY 422) Remote Sensing in Environmental Analysis (3) Prerequisite: GGY 130 or 205, or GLY 101, or consent of instructor. Use and interpretation of aerial photography and other remote sensing techniques in environmental analysis. The course emphasizes problem identification, digital image analysis, and interpretation of images through laboratory exercises.
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GGY 524. Geographic Information Systems (3) Permission of instructor. Introduction to the science and technology of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) including data collection, spatial data structures, spatial analysis theory and techniques, and end-user map products. Instruction will be provided through lectures, demonstrations, and lab exercises. Two lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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GLY 501. Research Methods in Geology (2) Scientific proposal preparation, experimental design, scientific ethics, library use, safety, project management, data analysis, quality assurance and computer applications. One lecture and two laboratory hours per week.
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GLY 502. Technical Communication in Geology (2) Scientific manuscript preparation and communication techniques: writing techniques, manuscript format, abstracts, oral and poster presentations. One lecture and two laboratory hours per week.
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GLY 510. Sedimentary Environments (3) Prerequisite: Petrology, stratigraphy, field camp. Survey of ancient sedimentary environments with an evaluation of the criteria used in their recognition in the rock record. Specific ancient sedimentary sequences are examined and compared to their modern counterparts. Field trips.
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GLY 515. Methods of Sedimentology (3) Prerequisite: Petrology. A survey of the parameters of sedimentation. Emphasis on the processes involved in the formation of sedimentary rocks, including their origin, transport, deposition and lithification of rock�forming minerals. Techniques of physical and chemical analyses of sediments are stressed. One lecture and six laboratory hours per week. Field trips.
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GLY 520. Global Climate Change (3) Preqrequisites: General chemistry, college physics, and calculus with analytic geometry. Analysis of natural and anthropogenic global climate change. Historical and geological records of climate including sediment, tree ring, and ice core analysis. Physics and chemistry of climate including Earth's energy balance, global carbon cycle, climate modeling, atmospheric composition and dynamics.
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GLY 526. Geohydrology (4) Prerequisites: Two semesters of college calculus and petrology. Geology of ground waters and related aspects of surface waters. Methods of groundwater resource evaluation, protection, exploitation, and contaminant remediation. Three lecture and two laboratory hours per week.
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GLY 531. Micropaleontology (3) Prerequisite: Invertebrate paleontology or consent of instructor. Paleobiology and geological history of microorganisms, emphasizing the classification and systematics of major microfossil groups. Two lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Field trips.
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GLY 533. Paleoecology (3) Prerequisite: Invertebrate paleontology or consent of instructor. Principles of ecological faunal analysis as primarily applied to the marine fossil record. Emphasizes the integration of form and function, taphonomy, and community development through time, and sedimentology/stratigraphy as a synthetic approach to paleoenvironmental, paleobiological and evolutionary analyses. Applications to biostratigraphy are considered. Field trips.
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GLY 550. Marine Geology (3) Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Topography, sediments, structure and geologic history of the marine and estuarine environment. Two lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Field trips.
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GLY 551. Seafloor Mapping (3) Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. A survey of different methods used to map the seafloor including satellite altimetry, multibeam and sidescan sonar swathmapping. Operation of instruments, survey strategies and techniques to process and interpret data will be explored. Shipboard fieldtrip. Two lecture and three laboratory hours per week.
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GLY 552. Coastal Sedimentary Environments (4) Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Sedimentary processes and environments of the world's coastal systems. Emphasis on river deltas, estuaries, bays, salt marshes, barrier islands and associated inlets. Ice�bound as well as rocky coastlines also are examined. Three lecture and three laboratory hours per week. Field trip.
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GLY 555. Coastal Sediment Dynamics (3) Prerequisites: One year of calculus or physics or consent of the instructor. Theory and application of models used to quantify sediment movement and deposition in the coastal environment. Three lecture hours per week. Field trips.
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GLY 558. (BIO 587) Introduction to Coastal Management (4) Interdisciplinary study of human impacts on coastal environments and organisms. Topics include the physical and biotic setting of worldwide coastal regions, principles of coastal management, and analysis of potential solutions to coastal problems. Three lecture and three laboratory hours each week.
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GLY 561. Coastal Plains Geology (3) Prerequisites: Invertebrate paleontology, stratigraphy, petrology. Origin and development of Gulf and Atlantic Coastal Plains with emphasis on stratigraphy, structure, geomorphology and tectonic history. Field trips. Three lecture hours per week.
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GLY 565. Introduction to Geophysics (3) Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Integrated application of geophysical methods to solve environmental and geologic problems. Includes discussion of reflection/refraction seismology, gravity, magnetics, electrical resistivity, ground penetrating radar, and geophysical well logging.
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GLY 572. Introduction to Geochemistry (3) Prerequisites: Two semesters of college calculus; mineralogy or inorganic chemistry; or permission of instructor. Investigation of the abundance and distribution of chemical elements in the Earth's crust, mantle, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Introduction to thermodynamics, phase and mineral equilibrium, stable and radiogenic isotopes, and geochronology. Emphasizes the application of geochemical processes to solving geologic and environment problems, with selected examples from field and laboratory studies.
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GLY 599. Thesis (1-6)
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GRADUATE COURSES IN PHYSICS AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

Course Descriptions

PHY 575. (475) Physical Oceanography (3) Prerequisite: College physics and calculus. An introduction to the descriptive and dynamical features of ocean circulation. Topics include: the physical properties of seawater; oceanic heat budget; dynamics of ocean currents; descriptive oceanography; waves and tides.
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PHY 599. Thesis (1-6)
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RELATED GRADUATE COURSES
Course Descriptions

MSC 526. Cruise or Field Sampling (1-3) Prerequisite: Permission of program director. Cruise and/or field sampling not covered by other courses. Participation in the planning and sampling phases of major marine or environmental research programs.
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MSC 579. (CHM 579) Role of the Oceans in Human Health (3) Prerequisite: CHM 212, BIO 110, or consent of instructor. Discovery, structure, and biological activity of marine bioactive compounds, chemotaxonomy, pharmaceutical leads, marine biotoxins, structure, mode of action, regulation and monitoring, the producing organisms, how (biosynthesis) and why these compounds are made. Two lectures per week.
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MSC 591. Directed Independent Study (1-3)
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MSC 595. Graduate Seminar (1) Discussion by students, faculty and guest lecturers of research ideas and results. May be repeated one time for credit.
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PHY 550. Fluid Mechanics (3) Permission of Instructor. A comprehensive account of fluid dynamics that emphasizes fundamental physical principles. Fluid statistics; fluid kinematics; integral and differential forms of the conservation laws for mass, momentum and energy; Bernoulli equation; laminar flows; potential flows; vorticity dynamics; dynamic similarity; boundary layers; turbulence.
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PHY 577. Observational Methods and Data Analysis in Physical Oceanography (3) Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. This course will supply the student with a working knowledge of the use and operation of various physical oceanographic instruments and data reduction and analysis techniques.
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PHY 578. Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (3) Prerequisite: PHY 550, Corequisite: PHY 475 or 575. The fundamental principles governing the flow of a density-stratified fluid on a rotating planet, with applications to the motions of the ocean and atmosphere. Equations of state, compressibility, Boussinesq approximation. Geostrophic balance, Rossby number. Poincare, Kelvin, Rossby waves, geostrophic adjustment.
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PHY 579. Ocean Circulation Systems (3) Prerequisite: PHY 475 or 575. Course focuses on results of World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), a multi-national, multi-decadal program designed to observe the global ocean. Explores large-scale circulation and properties of the ocean to lay the foundation for the challenge of understanding the future of the world oceans and their role in climate change.
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PHY 580. Coastal and Estuarine Systems (3) Prerequisite: PHY 475 or 575. An introduction to the physical processes operating within coastal and estuarine systems. The focus of the course will be on the dynamical description of topics such as gravity waves, surf zone hydrodynamics, storm surge, tides, estuarine hydraulics, sediment transport and morphodynamics.
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PLS 520. Seminar in Coastal Processes and Problems (3) Examines various coastal management policies and problems from a variety of perspectives (e.g., legal, economic, political, scientific, etc.)
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PLS 522. Field Seminar in Coastal Management (3) Field seminar that uses an applied project to examine the political, economic, and socio-cultural challenges facing coastal managers. It also examines the role of science in the policy and management process. Students are expected to collect and analyze data, prepare a report, and present their findings.
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PLS 524. Managing Coastal Hazards (3) Explores the natural and technological hazards that threaten coastal areas, the principles of coastal hazard mitigation and the development of policy dealing with the preparedness, response to, and recovery from the events.
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PLS 525. Managing Coastal Ecosystems (3) Examines programs, policies, and approaches to managing coastal ecosystems such as watershed management, ecosystem management, command and control approaches, and market-based approaches.
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PLS 526. Environmental Policy and Management (3). Examines the fundamental factors that influence the development and implementation of environmental policy in the United States.
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PLS 592. Special Topics in Public Administration (3) Intensive study of selected topics in public administration.
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STT 500. Research Consultation in Statistics (1-3) Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Statistical consultation on graduate thesis research provided through access to the Department of Mathematics and Statistics� Statistical Consulting Center. May be repeated for a total of three credit hours.
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STT 505. Data Analysis (3) Prerequisite: Any statistics course. Introduction to exploratory data analysis. Use of stem and leaf plots, boxplots. Transformations of data, resistant lines, analysis of two�way tables, residual analysis. Comparison of robust/resistant methods with standard statistical techniques.
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STT 511. (411) Design of Experiments and Analysis of Variance (3) Prerequisite: Any elementary statistics course. Review of elementary statistics; design of experiments including completely randomized, randomized block, factorial, split�plot, and repeated measures designs; analysis of variance; non�parametric alternative methods of analysis. Statistical software packages will be used as appropriate in problem solving.
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STT 520. (420) Biostatistical Analysis (3) Prerequisite: Statistical programming and consent of instructor. Statistical methods used in epidemiologic studies and clinical trials. Topics include measures of association, logistic regression, covariates, life tables and Cox regression; statistical analysis using SAS.
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STT 530. (430) Introduction to Non�parametric Statistics (3) Prerequisite: A calculus-based statistics course. Theory and methods of non�parametric statistics in the one� and two�sample problems and their comparisons with standard parametric procedures. Non�parametric tests for comparing more than two samples; tests of randomness and independence.
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STT 535. (435) Applied Multivariate Analysis (3) Prerequisite: STT 511, 512. Matrix manipulations; multivariate normal distribution; inference for mean vector and covariance matrix; multivariate analysis of variance; principal components; canonical correlations; discriminant analysis; factor analysis; cluster analysis; statistical analysis using SAS.
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STT 566�567. (466/467) Mathematical Statistics (3/3) Prerequisite: A calculus-based statistics course. A rigorous introduction to mathematical statistics. Univariate and multivariate probability distributions; conditional and marginal distributions; theory of estimation and hypothesis testing; limiting distributions and the central limit theorem; sufficient statistics and the exponential class of probability density functions.
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