Aquaculture Program

Presentations & Papers

  • 2016–
    • 2017

      Presentation entitled “Experimental evaluation of a halophyte Salicornia virginica for biomitigation of dissolved nutrients in effluent discharge from recirculating aquaculture system for marine finfish”, by W.O. Watanabe and R.D. Farnell, at World Aquaculture 2017, Cape Town, South Africa.


      Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal by the tunicate Styela plicata in the diet of juvenile black sea bass”, by A.J. Delmaine, W.O. Watanabe, M.S. Alam, at World Aquaculture 2017, Cape Town, South Africa.

    • 2016

      Presentation entitled “Evaluation of glandless, solvent-extracted and genetically modified low-gossypol cottonseed flour as alternative protein sources in the diet of black sea bass Centropristis striata and southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.D. Anderson, P.M. Carroll, P.J. Seaton, T.C. Wedegaertner and M.K. Dowd, at the International Symposium on Fish Nutrition and Feeding, June 5-10, 2016, Sun Valley, Idaho.

  • 2011–2015
    • 2015

      Presentation entitled “Evaluation of chemical polymers applied as coagulation aids for removal of suspended solids from intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system discharge” by W. Watanabe, T. Gibson, R. Whitehead, T. Losordo, P. Carroll, and M. Mallin, presented at Aquaculture 2015, Jeju, South Korea.


      Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives,” presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 27-28, 2015, Hilton New Bern, NC.


      Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein and fish oil by genetically improved low gossypol cottonseed flour and cottonseed oil in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata,” presented by A. Anderson, M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, P.M., Carroll, T.C. Wedegaertner and M.K. Dowd, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA.


      Presentation entitled “Effects of mixed alternative protein sources in substitution of menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus by James C. Hill, M.S. Alam and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA. (Tyson Foods Award of $1,775 for the Best Student Abstract to J. Hill)


      Presentation entitled “Effects of dietary salt supplementation on growth, survival, body composition, tissue electrolytes and gill and intestine Na+K+ATPase activity of black sea bass reared at low-salinity” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers and P.M. Carroll, presented at Aquaculture America 2015, New Orleans, LA, USA.

    • 2014

      Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives,” presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2014, Hilton New Bern, NC.


      Presentation entitled “Effects of mixed alternative protein sources and meat and bone meal protein substitution for menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus by J.C. Hill, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Poster Award to J. Hill)


      Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by genetically improved and solvent-extracted low gossypol cottonseed flour in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.D. Anderson, T.C. Wedegaertner and M. Dowd at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA.


      Presentation entitled “Dietary magnesium supplementation in southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma reared in a low-salinity recirculating aquaculture system” by C.M. Kelly, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe at Aquaculture 2014, Seattle, WA, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Runner-Up Best Student Poster Award to C. Kelly)

    • 2013

      Presentation entitled "Effects of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for menhaden fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus by J.C. Hill, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA. (US Aquaculture Society Best Student Abstract Award to J. Hill)


      Presentation entitled “Evaluation of chemical polymers applied as coagulation aids for removal of suspended solids from intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system effluent discharge” by T.F. Gibson, W.O. Watanabe, T.M. Losordo, and M.A. Mallin at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA. (Aquaculture Engineering Society Best Student Abstract Award to T. Gibson)


      Presentation entitled “Replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by solvent extracted soybean meal and soy protein concentrate supplemented with l-methionine and l-lysine in the diet of juvenile red porgy Pagrus pagrus” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, A.R. Myers, T.C. Rezek and P.M. Carroll at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA.


      Presentation entitled “Establishing a pilot hatchery for production of juveniles to support finfish mariculture growout industry development in North Carolina” by W.O. Watanabe, C.F. Dumas, and P.M. Carroll at Aquaculture America 2013, Nashville, TN, USA.


      Invited Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives, and Sustainability Trends” by W.O. Watanabe at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2013, Hilton New Bern, NC.

    • 2012

      Presentation entitled “Effects of feeding frequency on larval growth, survival, fatty acid profiles and resistance to hyposaline stress in black sea bass Centropristis striata by D.J. Russo, W.O. Watanabe, T.C. Rezek, and A.R. Meyers at Aquaculture America 2012, Feb. 29-Mar. 12, Paris Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, NV. (American Fisheries Society Best Student Abstract Award to D. Russo)


      Presentation entitled “Induced spawning of F1 and wild-caught southern flounder with GnRH analogs: effects of hormone type (mammalian vs piscine) and dose on egg production and quality” by W.D. Wright-Moore, W.O. Watanabe and T.C. Rezek at Aquaculture America 2012, Feb. 29-Mar. 12, Paris Hotel and Casino, Las Vegas, NV.

    • 2011

      Presentation entitled “Replacement of fish meal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without fermented poultry byproducts, squid meal, krill meal and amino acids in the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata” by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, H.V. Daniels, P.R. Ferket, A. Gill, T.C. Rezek, A. Myers and M.R. Dawson at Aquaculture America 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.


      Presentation entitled “Replacement of fish meal protein by a combination of alternative protein sources in practical diets for juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata by M.R. Dawson, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe at Aquaculture 2011, Feb. 28-Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA. 


      Presentation entitled “Evaluation of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile southern flounder Paralicthys lethostigma by M.R. Dawson, M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, C. Resimius, and T. Rezek at Aquaculture America 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.  (American Fisheries Society's Fish Culture Section Travel Award and Best Student Abstract to M. Dawson)


      Presentation entitled “Induced spawning of wild-caught southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma with GnRH analogs: effects of hormone dose” by Walker D. Wright-Moore, Wade O. Watanabe and Troy C. Rezek at Aquaculture 2011, Feb. 28- Mar. 3, 2011, New Orleans, LA.  (American Fisheries Society's Fish Culture Section Travel Award and Best Student Abstract to W. Wright-Moore)


      Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Commercial Pilot Initiatives and Regulations,” presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 11-12, 2011, Sheraton Atlantic Beach, NC.

  • 2006–2010
    • 2010

      Presentation entitled "Effects of replacement of menhaden fish meal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without pre-coated L-methionine and L-lysine on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by M.S. Alam*, W. O. Watanabe, and S. LongFellow, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, March 2010, San Diego, CA.


      Presentation entitled "Effects of poultry by-product meal protein substitution for fish meal protein on growth performance, body composition, and digestibility of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M.R. Dawson*, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at World Aquaculture Society Conference, March 2010, San Diego, CA. (US Aquaculture Society’s Outstanding Student Abstract Award and the American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section Student Travel Award to M. Dawson)

    • 2009

      Presentation entitled “Marine Finfish Aquaculture in North Carolina: Research, Education and Technology Transfer”, by W.O. Watanabe, to the UNCW Board of Visitors, May 15, 2009, UNCW Center for Marine Science.


      Presentation entitled "Salinity and temperature effects on growth, survival, whole-body osmolality, and MRNA expression of Na+, K+, ATPase on larval red porgy Pagrus pagrus" by A. D. Ostrowski*, F. A. Montgomery, T. C. Rezek, T. H. Shafer, J. A. Morris Jr. and W. O. Watanabe, presented at the AFS Tidewater Chapter Conference, March 2009, Wilmington, NC and World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA. (American Fisheries Society Fish Culture Section Travel Award)


      Presentation entitled "Partial and full replacement of menhaden fishmeal protein by soybean meal protein supplemented with or without amino acids and attractants in the diets of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M. S. Alam*, W. O. Watanabe, K. B. Sullivan and W. D. Wright-Moore, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled "Laboratory culture of the diatom Chaetoceros gracilis using effluent from an intensive marine recirculating aquaculture system for black sea bass Centropristis striata" by D. M. Allen* and W. O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA. (United States Aquaculture Society Student Travel Award to D. Allen)


      Presentation entitled "Hormone dose affects egg and larval quality during induced spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata with pelleted LHRHa" by C. D. Bentley*, T. C. Rezek and W. O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled, "Recirculating aquaculture system for pilot commercial production of marine finfish in North Carolina: Private-public partnership for research, education and technology transfer" by P. M. Carroll*, W. O. Watanabe, T. M. Losordo, D. P. DeLong, J.P. McCann, G. Hargett and S. Longfellow, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled "Effects of two dietary lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of pre-adult hatchery reared and wild-caught black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M. S. Alam, A. R. Myers*, W. O. Watanabe, D. Berlinsky, A. B. Walker, K. B. Sullivan and W. D. Wright-Moore, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled "Progress and constraints toward commercialization of black sea bass aquaculture in the US: Hatchery , nursery, growout and marketing" by W. O. Watanabe*, M. S. Alam, C. F. Dumas, R. F. Lee, T. M. Losordo, D. DeLong, D. Berlinsky, G. Nardi, C. D. Bentley, T. C. Rezek, K. Sullivan, J. Wilde and A. Myers, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled "Analysis of niche market demand for farm-raised black sea bass Centropristis striata in three major metropolitan U.S. cities: Atlanta, Philadelphia and New York City" by J. D. Wilde*, C. F. Dumas and W. O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2009, Seattle, WA.


      Presentation entitled " Progress on the Culture of Red Porgy in North Carolina" by T. C. Rezek*, W. O. Watanabe, J. A. Morris Jr., N. A. McNeill and A. D. Ostrowski, presented at the NC Aquaculture Development Conference, January 2009, Morehead City, NC.


      OCEAN: explore. discover. Exhibit at Cape Fear Museum

      Exhibit at Cape Fear Museum entitled "OCEAN: explore. discover." Featured exhibit presented through January 2009.

    • 2008

      Presentation entitled "Effects of partial replacement of menhaden fish meal by soybean meal on growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata and southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by M.S. Alam*, W.O. Watanabe, and K.B. Sulivan, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2008, Orlando, Florida.


      Presentation entitled "Replacement of fish meal by soybean meal, poultry-by product meal, and meat and bone meal in diets for juvenile black sea bass, Centropristis striata" by K.B. Sulivan*, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2008, Orlando, Florida.


      Presentation entitled "Recent progress on development of nutritionally-balanced, cost-effective and environmentally-friendly diets for the culture of black sea bass (Centropristis striata) and southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma)" by M.S. Alam*, W.O. Watanabe, and K.B. Sulivan, presented at the Eighth Joint Meeting of the Seafood Science and Technology Society and Atlantic Fisheries Technology Conference in conjunction with the 1st NC Marine Biotechnology Symposium, October 2008, Wrightsville Beach, NC.


      Presentation entitled "Marine Finfish Aquaculture in North Carolina: Current Research and Commercial Pilot Initiatives", by W.O. Watanabe*, H.V. Daniels, M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll, T.C. Rezek, C.D. Bentley, T.L. Losordo, and C.F. Dumas, presented at the Eighth Joint Meeting of the Seafood Science and Technology Society and Atlantic Fisheries Technology Conference in conjunction with the 1st NC Marine Biotechnology Symposium, October 2008, Wrightsville Beach, NC.


      Presentation entitled "Preliminary analysis of the niche market for farm-raised black sea bass Centropristis striata in North Carolina" by J.D. Wilde, C.F. Dumas and W.O. Watanabe, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2008, Orlando, Florida.

    • 2007

      Presentation entitled "Replacement of menhaden fish meal by soybean meal for the diet of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata culture" by M.S. Alam*, W.O. Watanabe and K.B. Sulivan, presented at the Organic Aquaculture Symposium, organized by National Organic Standard Board, USDA, Nov. 2007, Washington DC, USA.


      Presentation entitled “Marine finfish aquaculture in North Carolina: Overview of research and technology transfer initiatives” by W.O. Watanabe, H.V. Daniels, C.A. Woolridge, A.J. Morgan, A.L. Luckenbach, P.M. Carroll, R. Murashige, M.S. Alam, T.C. Rezek, T.M. Losordo, C.D. Bentley, and J.A. Morris Jr., at the Third International Sustainable Marine Fish Culture Conference, Oct 15- 16, 2007, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Ft. Pierce, FL.


      Paper entitled "Effect of different protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of juvenile southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) reared in a recirculating aquaculture system" by M.S. Alam and W.O. Watanabe, presented at the 31st Fish Feed and Nutrition Workshop, May 16-18, 2007, hosted by Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture, Auburn University, and USDA Aquatic Animal Health Research Unit, Auburn University, Alabama.


      Invited presentation entitled "UNCW Aquaculture Program: Research Update", by W.O. Watanabe to the plenary session of the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, 2007, Greenville, NC.


      Presentation entitled "Growth performance and survival of larval southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) fed commercial microdiets or formulated zein bound microdiets containing different protein sources" by M.S. Alam*, W.O. Watanabe, and P.M. Carroll, presented at "The International Triennial Meeting of World Aquaculture Society", Feb. 2007, San Antonio, Texas, USA.


      Presentation entitled "Effects of stocking density and feeding frequency on growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by C.A. Woolridge*, M.S. Alam, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at "The International Triennial Meeting of World Aquaculture Society", Feb. 2007, San Antonio, Texas, USA.


      Paper entitled "The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6) on growth, survival, stress resistance and Na,K,ATPase expression in larval black sea bass (Centropristis striata)" by J.K. Carrier, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel, T.C. Rezek, T.H. Shafer, P.J. Seaton and R.D. Roer, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2007, San Antonio, Texas (US Aquaculture Society Outstanding Student Poster Award to J.K. Carrier).


      Paper entitled "Current status of black sea bass aquaculture in the Eastern U.S." by W.O. Watanabe, David Berlinsky, and Ted Smith, Presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2007, San Antonio, Texas.


      Paper entitled "Evaluation of practical live prey enrichment products for black sea bass larvae (Centropristis striata)" by T.C. Rezek, W.O. Watanabe, J.K. Carrier III, and Oddvar Ottesen, Presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2007, San Antonio, Texas.


      Presentation entitled "Effects of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performance and body composition of black sea bass Centropristis striata during growout in a pilot scale recirculating system" by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll* and T.C. Rezek, presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2007, San Antonio, Texas.


      Dr. Dumas Speaking on Black Sea Bass Research

      Paper entitled "The economics of black sea bass Centropristis striata fingerling production in recirculating aquaculture systems" by C. F. Dumas, K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe presented at the World Aquaculture Society Conference, February 2007, San Antonio, Texas.


      Presentation entitled "Update on Marine Finfish Aquaculture at UNCW: Research, Education and Tech-Transfer" by W. O. Watanabe, presented at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 2007, Atlantic Beach, NC.


      Presentation paper entitled "Developments in culture of Black Sea Bass (Centropristis striata) in North Carolina" by T.C. Rezek, W. O. Watanabe, M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll and C.A. Woolridge, presented by T.C. Rezek at the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, February 2007, Atlantic Beach, NC.

    • 2006

      Paper entitled "Intensive larval culture of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma in an inland-based hatchery" presented by R. Murashige, L.N. Shewmon, A.J. Morgan, W.O. Watanabe, and H.V. Daniels, presented at Aquaculture America 2006, Las Vegas, NV, USA.


      Paper entitled "Evaluation of practical microdiets for replacement of live Artemia for culture of larval black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M.S. Alam, W.O. Watanabe and K.A. Copeland, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Poster paper entitled "Preliminary investigations on the effects of dietary lipid level on spawning performance and egg quality in black sea bass" by C.D. Bentley, T.C. Rezek and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada. (US Aquaculture Society Outstanding Student Poster Award to C.D. Bentley)


      Paper entitled "Comparison of different microalgal species in live and non-viable forms as background during culture of larval southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by P.M. Carroll, K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Paper entitled "Near commercial scale production of southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma in freshwater recirculating systems" by R. Murashige, L.N. Shewmon, S.G. Truesdale, J.A. Luckenbach, A.J. Morgan, W.O. Watanabe, C.A. Woolridge, T.M. Losordo, D. Delong, R.J. Borski, J. Godwin and H.V. Daniels. 2006, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Paper entitled "The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) on growth, survival and hypersaline stress resistance in larval southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma)" by T.C. Rezek, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel and P.J. Seaton, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Paper entitled "Characterization of the effluent from an intensive marine recirculating system for southern flounder and studies on effluent-based culture of microalgae" by S.G. Truesdale, W.O. Watanabe, A.E. Wilbur, T.M. Losordo and C.R. Tomas, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Poster paper entitled "Hatchery and nursery studies with black sea bass and cobia in South Carolina" by T.I.J. Smith, H. Atwood, D. Berlinsky, M. Denson, L. Heyward, W. Jenkins, A. Stokes, J. Tomasso, W.O. Watanabe, C. Weirich and J. Whetstone, presented at Aqua America 2006, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Poster paper entitled "Optimum dietary protein level for maximum growth performance of juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata" by M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua 2006, Florence, Italy.


      Paper entitled "Optimizing dose and mode of administration of LHRH-a for induced spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata", by A.E. White, W.O. Watanabe and T.I.J. Smith, presented at Aqua 2006, Florence, Italy.


      Poster paper entitled "RAS integration of eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) and hard clam (Mercenaria mercenaria) culture for effluent nutrient composition reduction", by A.R. Myers, A.E. Wilbur and W.O. Watanabe, presented at National Shellfish Conference, 98th Annual Meeting, March 2006, Monterrey, CA.


      Paper entitled: "Hatchery economics for southern flounder" by L.N. Shewmon, H.V. Daniels, W.O. Watanabe, R. Murashige, R. Dunning, C. Woolridge, presented at the Southern Flounder Aquaculture Workshop, March 2006, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.


      Poster paper entitled "Marine Finfish Aquaculture in North Carolina: Sea Grant-Supported Research, Education and Tech-Transfer Initiatives", by W. O. Watanabe, P. M. Carroll, C. A. Woolridge, T.C. Rezek, K. A. Copeland, C. F. Dumas and M.S. Alam, presented at NC Sea Grant Symposium, 2006, Raleigh, NC.


      Invited presentation entitled: "A practical guide to controlled breeding of the southern flounder", by W.O. Watanabe, C.A. Woolridge and H.V. Daniels, to the Southern Flounder Aquaculture Workshop, North Carolina State University, 2006, Raleigh, North Carolina.


      Invited paper entitled "Nutritional studies related to hatchery technology development for black sea bass Centropristis striata" by C.A. Woolridge, W.O. Watanabe, M.S. Alam, P.M. Carroll, C.D. Bentley and T.C. Rezek, presented at the Sixth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, Virginia Polytechnic and State University, 2006, Roanoke VA.

  • 2001–2005
    • 2005

      Paper entitled "Further investigations on growth of wild black sea bass Centropristis striata subadults in a recirculating aquaculture system at high densities" by K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      Paper entitled "The effects of dietary arachidonic acid (20: 4 n-6) on growth, survival and stress resistance in black sea bass Centropristis striata larvae" by T.C. Rezek, W.O. Watanabe, M. Harel and P. Seaton, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      kim addresses aqua 2005 new orleans

      Paper entitled "Light intensity effects on early life stages of black sea bass Centropristis striata" by K.A. Copeland, , W.O. Watanabe and J. K. Yates, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      Paper entitled "Intensive rotifer production in a pilot-scale continuous culture recirculating system using condensed microalgae" by C.D. Bentley, P.M. Carroll, A.M. Riedel and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      Paper entitled "Effects of dietary lipid level on growth and feed utilization of hatchery-reared black sea bass Centropristis striata" by P.M. Carroll, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      Paper entitled "Optimization of UV dose and pressure shock for induction of meiogynogenesis in southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma using black sea bass Centropristis striata sperm", by A.J. Morgan, J.A. Luckenbach, R.J. Borski, W.O. Watanabe, R. Murashige, H.V. Daniels and C. Woolridge. 2005, presented at Aquaculture America 2005, New Orleans, LA.


      Paper entitled "Nutrition and feeding of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma", by H.V. Daniels, J.A. Luckenbach, J. Godwin, R.J. Borski, W.O. Watanabe and R. Murashige. Presented at Crissey Zoological Nutrition Symposium, December 9, 2005. N.C. State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.


      Paper entitled "Current status of southern flounder culture and stock enhancement" by H.V. Daniels, J.A. Luckenbach, J. Godwin, R.J. Borski, W.O. Watanabe, and R. Murashige, presented at Thirty-fourth Symposium of the United States-Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel. November 7, 2005. Hubbs-Sea World Research Institute, San Diego, CA, USA.


      Invited presentation entitled "UNCW Aquaculture Program: Research Update", by W.O. Watanabe to the Agricultural Biotechnology Conference, North Carolina BioAg Center, 2005, UNC Pembroke, NC.


      Invited presentation entitled "Research update on black sea bass aquaculture", by P.M. Carroll, W.O. Watanabe, T. Rezek, K.A. Copeland to the plenary session of the North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, 2005, Greenville, NC.

    • 2004

      Paper entitled "Pilot scale growout of hatchery-reared summer flounder in a marine recirculating system: constraints and research needs" by P.M. Carroll, W.O. Watanabe, and T.M. Losordo, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Presentation entitled "Marine finfish culture in NC: research update" by W.O. Watanabe at the plenary session NC Aquaculture Development Conference, Jan 2004


      Paper entitlted "Comparison of early larval growth and survival of southern flounder and southern flounder (female) x summer flounder (male) interspecific hybrid under different temperatures" by P.M. Carroll, W.O. Watanabe and K.A. Copeland. 2004, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Combined effects of temperature and salinity on early life stages of black sea bass" by K.A. Copeland, W.O. Watanabe, A. Mangino and K.S. Wheatley, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Recent progress toward year-round spawning of southern flounder broodstock" by W.O. Watanabe, C.A. Woolridge and P.M. Carroll, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Further investigations on induced volitional spawning of black sea bass with pelleted LHRH-a" by Allison White, W.O. Watanabe, and T.I.J. Smith. 2004, presented Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii. (US Aquaculture Society Outstanding Student Abstract Award to A. White)


      Paper entitled "Fatty acid profiles of southern flounder during development" by C.A. Woolridge, P. Seaton and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Production economics of summer flounder aquaculture in a marine recirculating system" by K., C. Yates, Dumas, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carrol, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Inter-institutional cooperative agreements and distance education in aquaculture" by D. Holland, P. Kemp, and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii.


      Paper entitled "Comparison of fat and omega-3 fatty acids content of wild and cultured black sea bass (Centropristis striata)", by C.A. Cherry, S. Williamson, H. Yang, A. Ibrahim, C.W. Seo, K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at the 2004 International Food Technology Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.


      Paper entitled "Comparison of fat and omega-3 fatty acids content of wild and cultured black sea bass (Centropristis striata)", by A. S. Cherry, Williamson, H. Yang, S.A. Ibrahim, C.W. Seo, K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at 2004 Institute of Food Technologists Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.

    • 2003

      Paper entitled "Photoperiod and salinity effects on growth, survival and osmoregulatory ability of larval southern flounder" by W.O. Watanabe, C.M. Moustakas and K.A. Copeland, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Alterations in the composition of phosphorylated compounds during embryonic development in southern flounder examined by 31-P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy" by C.A. Woolridge, S.J. Kinsey and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Intensive rotifer culture in a commercial scale recirculating system using the condensed microalgae Nannochloropsis oculata" by P.M. Carroll, A. Riedel and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Wade Watanabe speaks on Farmed Sea Bass Marketing

      Paper entitled "Progress in on-growing of captive wild black sea bass Centropristis striata in a recirculating tank system" by W.O. Watanabe, , K.A. Copeland, P.M Carroll, and J.K Yates, presented at Proceedings of The Fourth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture 101-105, 2003, Roanoke, VA.


      Paper entitled "Research synopsis on intensive culture of southern flounder, summer flounder and black sea bass in North Carolina" by W. O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll, K.A. Copeland, C. A. Woolridge, A.E. White, K. S. Wheatley, H.V. Daniels, R. Murashige and T.M. Losordo, presented at International Conference on Sustainable Marine Finfish Aquaculture, 2003. Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution and USDA-Agricultural Research Service.


      Presentation entitled "Marine finfish aquaculture in North Carolina: research update" by W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, Atlantic Beach, NC, 2003.


      Presentation entitled "Black sea bass culture and economics" by K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, Atlantic Beach, NC. 2003.


      Presentation entitled "Undergraduate and post-graduate aquaculture education at UNCW" by W.O. Watanabe and Ami Wilbur. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, Atlantic Beach, NC, 2003.


      Paper entitled "Induced volitional spawning of black sea bass Centropristis striata with pelleted LHRH-A at two dose levels" by A. White, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented at Aquaculture America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Photoperiod and salinity effects on growth, survival and osmoregulatory ability of larval southern flounder" by W.O. Watanabe, C.M. Moustakas and K.A. Copeland, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Alterations in the composition of phosphorylated compounds during embryonic development in southern flounder examined by 31-P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy" by C.A. Woolridge, S.J. Kinsey and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Economic evaluation of a small-scale recirculating system for production of black sea bass in North Carolina" by K.A. Copeland, W.O. Watanabe and C. Dumas, presented at Aqua America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Growth and feed utilization of hatchery-reared juvenile southern flounder fed a practical diet in a recirculating system under two different salinities", by K.A. Copeland, W.O. Watanabe and F. Montgomery, presented at Aquaculture America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.


      Paper entitled "Black Sea Bass Aquaculture" by K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2003, Louisville, Kentucky.

    • 2002

      Paper entitled "Black sea bass ongrowing: research status and commercial prospects for North Carolina", by K.A. Copeland and W.O. Watanabe, presented at North Carolina Sea Grant Mariculture Seminar, 2002.


      Paper entitled "Tilapia production systems in the Americas: technological advances, trends and challenges" by W.O. Watanabe, T.M. Losordo, K. Fitzsimmons, and F. Hanley, presented at the Aquaculture Interchange Program Workshop: Aquaculture Growout Systems: Challenges and Technological Solutions, The Oceanic Institute, 2002, Honolulu, Hawaii.

    • 2001

      Paper entitled "Natural spawning of Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) broodstock under an extended photothermal regime" by W.O. Watanabe, P.M. Carroll and H.V. Daniels, presented at Aqua 2001, Nice, France.


      Paper entitled "Progress and constraints in the culture of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis" by D.D. Benetti, W.O. Watanabe and M.W. Feeley, presented at Aquaculture 2001, Orlando, Florida, USA.


      Paper entitled "Status of artificial propagation of mutton, yellowtail and red snapper (family Lutjanidae) in the southeastern U.S." by W.O. Watanabe, D.D. Benetti, M.W. Feeley, D.A. Davis and R. Phelps. 2001, presented at Aquaculture 2001, Orlando, Florida, USA.


      Paper entitled "Alterations in the composition of phosphorylated compounds during fertilization in eggs of cultured southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by S.T. Kinsey and W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture 2001, Orlando, Florida, USA 2001.


      Paper entitled "Growth and feed utilization of wild-caught juvenile black sea bass Centropristis striata fed practical diets in a recirculating tank system under a semi-controlled temperature regime" by K.A. Copeland, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented Aquaculture 2001, Orlando, Florida, USA.


      Paper entitled "Effects of light intensity and salinity on growth and survival of larval southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma reared through the first-feeding stage" by J.P. Henne, W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll. 2001, presented at Aquaculture 2001, Orlando, Florida, USA.

  • 1997–2000
    • 2000

      Presentation entitled "Production of summer flounder in a recirculating tank system: a progress report" by P.M. Carroll, W. O. Watanabe and T.M. Losordo. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Paper entitled "Progress in controlled reproduction of summer and southern flounders, Paralichthys dentatus and P. lethostigma" by W.O Watanabe, P. M. Carroll and H.V. Daniels, presented at Aqua America 2000, New Orleans, Louisiana.


      Pat Carroll gives a tour of Sturgeon City

      Invited presentation entitled: "Update on marine finfish aquaculture research and development in the southeastern U.S." by W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Presentation entitled "Growth and feed utilization of wild-caught black sea bass fed practical diets in a semi-closed recirculating tank system: a progress report" by K.A. Copeland, . and W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Presentation entitled "Light intensity and salinity effects on first-feeding larval southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma): a progress report" by J.P. Henne and W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Presentation entitled "Preliminary studies on the use of hydrogen peroxide to control sea lice (Argulus spp.) ectoparasitosis in tank-reared Southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma)" by C.A. Woolridge and W.O. Watanabe. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Presentation entitled "Production of hatchery-reared summer flounder in a recirculating tank system: a progress report" by P.M Carroll, W.O. Watanabe and T.M. Losordo. North Carolina Aquaculture Development Conference, New Bern, North Carolina, January 2000.


      Paper entitled "Artificial propagation of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis: status, potential and constraints" by W.O. Watanabe, presented at Aquaculture America 2000, New Orleans, Louisiana.


      Paper entitled "Progress in controlled reproduction of southern and summer flounder Paralichthys lethostigma and P. edentates" by W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented at Aquaculture America 2000, New Orleans, Louisiana.

    • 1999

      Paper entitled "Recent progress in controlled reproduction of Southern flounder Paralichthys lethostigma" by W.O. Watanabe and P.M. Carroll, presented at U.S.- Japan Natural Resources Aquaculture Panel Meeting, Maui, Hawaii, November 1999. UJNR Technical Report No. 28: 141-148.


      Paper entitled "Effects of dietary lipid and energy to protein ration on growth and feed utilization of juvenile mutton snapper Lutjanus analis fed isonitrogenous diets at two temperatures" by W.O. Watanabe, S.C. Ellis and J. Chaves, presented at Aquaculture America '99, Tampa, Florida.


      Invited paper entitled "Recent progress in controlled breeding and larval rearing of Nassau grouper" by W.O. Watanabe, presented at Fifth ROCHE Aquaculture Conference, Bangkok, Thailand. 1999.


      Invited presentation entitled "Aquaculture in the 21st century: potential and constraints" by W.O. Watanabe, presented at the Cape Fear Museum, Sunday Science Series, Wilmington, North Carolina, April 1999.

    • 1998

      Presentation entitled "Research needs in flounder reproduction and larval culture" by W.O. Watanabe, Flounder Aquaculture Meeting (Part 2), North Carolina Board of Science and Technology, Feb 17, 1998, Raleigh, North Carolina.


      Paper entitled "Artificial propagation of mutton snapper Lutjanus analis, a new candidate marine fish species for aquaculture" by W.O. Watanabe, E.P. Ellis, S.C. Ellis, J. Chavez, C. Mandfredi, R.W. Hagood, M. Sparsis and S. Arneson, presented at World Aquaculture '98, Las Vegas, Nevada.


      Presentation entitled "Mariculture research at The University of North Carolina at Wilmington" by W.O. Watanabe, North Carolina Aquaculture Conference, Feb 16-17, 1998, New Bern, North Carolina.

    • 1997

      Presentation entitled "Overview of flounder hatchery methods" by W.O. Watanabe, Flounder Aquaculture Meeting (Part 1), North Carolina Board of Science and Technology, Oct 7-8, 1997, Raleigh, North Carolina.